While in high school, Aaron Smith*, a UC Santa Cruz student, was diagnosed with a functional somatic syndrome, which gave him widespread musculoskeletal pain. He spent years going to physical therapy and taking pain medication, which were mostly ineffective.

“I was doing all the physical therapy and everything was so hard because I’m in pain all the time,” Smith said. “So I came here and I thought, ‘Maybe I’ll try medical cannabis because Santa Cruz is known for it.’ So the first day of school, […] [I] smoked a [joint] and my pain was gone.”

After over a year of medical marijuana use with the support of his parents, Proposition 64 has made it more difficult for him and thousands of patients like him to purchase medical marijuana because of sharp price increases.

Illustration by Kerri Vue

While Proposition 64 allows adults to use marijuana recreationally, it also implements new taxes and regulations that increase the price of marijuana across the board.

Taxes on marijuana have doubled from 16 to 32 percent in the city of Santa Cruz. This includes a 15 percent state marijuana tax, an 8 percent Santa Cruz city marijuana tax and an 8 percent state sales tax. There are also 8 percent taxes on cultivation, distribution and manufacturing in the city.

“If they don’t fix the taxation rate, the whole system is going to implode and everyone is going to be forced back to the black market by the end of the year,” said CannaCruz dispensary CEO Grant Palmer.

CannaCruz, previously a medical marijuana dispensary, now has twice as many recreational adult use customers as medical ones, Palmer said. About 80 percent of medical customers are unable to afford buying there after Proposition 64. This has pushed many medical users, including Smith, to buy their medicine off the street.

“I had to buy from a dealer because their prices are just better than the dispensaries,” Smith said. “I normally pay around $20-30 an eighth and if I go to CannaCruz now, I’d have to pay $50.”

Additionally, some dispensaries can be charged up to $72,000 in yearly fees to operate as medical distributors and another $72,000 for general adult use. Distribution fees can be up to $125,000 per year for adult use and another $125,000 for medical, according to Palmer. Lab testing prices also increased from about $100 to $700. These costs are all factored into the final cost of marijuana.

Because UCSC is federally funded and medical marijuana is not federally legal, nobody, including students with medical cards, is permitted to use marijuana on campus.

“Even though Proposition 64 basically takes effect Jan. 1, nothing really has changed for us,” said UCSC Police Department Chief Nader Oweis to City on a Hill Press on Jan. 8. “Marijuana in any form is not allowed on campus.”

Factors limiting medical marijuana use as a result of Proposition 64 have proven difficult to navigate, but Palmer thinks taxation and policies surrounding the law can be reformed to be more efficient.

“We can fix [Proposition 64] and make it better,” Palmer said. “It’s a very good foundation to start from [. . .] but it’s just a first step in the process.”

*Name changed to protect anonymity.